Talking about the planets in the Solar System, Mars is located at a distance of 142 million miles from the Sun. On the other hand, if we talk about the earth in the solar system, then it is at number three. Earth is located at a distance of 93 million miles from the Sun. Mars is about half that of Earth. Where Earth’s diameter is 7,926 miles, Mars has a diameter of 4,220 miles. In terms of weight, Mars is equal to one tenth of the Earth.
According to the European Space Agency
Scientists like Mars the most. Scientists from all over the world are busy searching for Mars. There are many missions that are working on setting up a human settlement on Mars in the future, then under a mission they are trying to explore the geographical history of Mars. In a new project, hundreds of thousands of rock formations on Mars have been mapped. It is estimated that in the past there must have been a large amount of water in these places.
Institute of Space Astrophysics
According to the report, data from two Mars orbiters has been used to make this map. John Carter, a planetary scientist at the Paris-based Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, said in a statement that I think we have collectively made Mars easier. This map doesn’t answer all the questions, but it does point out the places where the clues are most likely to be found. Some of these sites may still have snow buried beneath the surface.
According to the European Space Agency (ESA), the observations of its Mars Express orbiter and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter helped researchers create this map. According to ESA, this project has been completed in a decade. Previously, scientists knew only about 1,000 rock formations on Mars that contained hydrated minerals. Thousands of such structures are revealed in this new map.
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John Carter said that this work has proved that when you are studying ancient areas in detail, it is really odd to not see these minerals.
Many evidences found on Mars suggest that water was once flowing on its surface. The new findings suggest that water played a major role in shaping the geology of Mars during its history. Although it is still not clear whether the presence of water was consistent over time.
John Carter has said that from the abundance of water to the formation of Mars without water, it is not yet clear. But one thing is clear that the water has not ended in one night.