The Sun is the most important part of our solar system. All the planets in our solar system, including Earth, revolve around the Sun. This cycle has been going on for billions of years and the Sun also has an important role in the existence of life on Earth. We have already read and heard this question that one day the sun will disappear. But could it be the exact time? What will happen to our solar system after the Sun dies? What will happen to Earth? These are some of the questions that the European Space Agency (ESA) has tried to answer.
The Sun will illuminate the planets of our Solar System for many billions of years
Data from the European Space Agency’s Gaia spacecraft show that the Sun has reached its middle age. That is, it has completed half the time of its life. So could it end soon? Crossing half the age does not mean that the sun is going to end very soon. Actually the age of the Sun is about 4.57 billion years. This means that the Sun will continue to illuminate the planets of our solar system for many billions of years.
Scientists say that this biggest star of our solar system will end one day. Then its core will run out of hydrogen. This will be a kind of process, after which the Sun will reduce its temperature and take the form of a giant red star. However it will be a lengthy process. Statistics show that when the Sun becomes 8 billion years old, it will cool down. According to this, the Sun will still shine as the hope of life on our Earth for about 3 billion years.
However, the European Space Agency says that after the end, the Sun may become a dim white star, which will be like the rest of the stars. The end of the Sun would mean that life on Earth would also move towards its destruction. Experts say that after the death of the Sun, life on Earth will become impossible. Trees and plants will die. Organisms that depend on plants will also die. It will affect the whole range of organisms and food. If the sunlight does not reach the earth, the atmosphere will be polluted. There will be severe cold and life of the person will become difficult.
Although there are still billions of years for this to happen, so you do not need to panic. Science is making progress. Maybe our scientists can find another planet like Earth, where life is possible.